The tradition of carving a jack-o-lantern began in Scotland during the 15th and 17th centuries. Magical glowing jack-o-lanterns were carved originally from turnips, pears or gourds. Light lumps of coal were placed inside the carved jack-o-lanterns that were sat on pouches or on windows sills. They welcomed and guided the spirits of deceased loved ones on their way. The glowing carved jack-o-lanterns were also believed to protect people from malevolent spirits on Samhain.