Celtic Jewelry, Celtic Legends, Irish Traditions

The Meaning of 6 Import Celtic Animals Symbols in Celtic Jewelry

The many Celtic animal motifs are among the most recognizable elements seen in Irish artwork. The Celts of ancient Ireland utilized the symbolism of animals to make sense of the otherwise incomprehensible natural cycles of the Earth. They did this by calling up the unfathomable powers of these natural creatures and by using the symbolism of animals.

The Irish Celts turned to the animals that lived on the land, in the sky, and in the water for guidance, companionship, and healing. The Irish Celts worshipped nature in all its forms, whether it was in the shape of plants, animals, or elements, which goes hand in hand with their interest in animal emblems that bordered on idolatry.

They held the belief that animals had been sent on earth specifically to instruct humans on how to live peacefully with nature. The Irish Celts tried to connect with both the visible and the unseen via the use of animal emblems in their religious practices.

The Celtic animal motifs used in Celtic art may be interpreted in a variety of ways. Cranes are known for their elegant curves. The resolute might of the bull in question. The sluggish and constricting danger posed by the snake. The earliest members of the Celtic culture had the belief that animals originated in the wonderful Otherworld, the same place from where elves and fairies originate. These divine messengers seemed to be beyond the capabilities of humans due to their ability to fly, swim, move at incredible speeds, have acute vision and smell, and display tremendous physical strength. Celtic animals helped explain the unknown. 

CELTIC OWL DIAMOND PENDANT

The Celtic Owl Meaning

The old lady is what the term “cailleach” means in Scottish-Gaelic. The name for the owl in Gaelic is “cauileach-oidhche,” which, believe it or not, translates to “night-cockerel” or “white old woman of the night.” Because of its frequent association with the Crone aspect of the Celtic Hag Goddess known as “Cailleach,” which the owl represents. The Celtic owl is a creature that has sharp vision even in the dark, a hunter that is stealthy and quick, and it frequently acts as a guide to and through the Underworld. Celtic legend has it that the wise owl may bestow insight onto its human companion by revealing the identities of people who would want to trick them or take advantage of them. “Hoo” knew?

Our Celtic Owl necklace and Celtic Owl Earrings are fearsome creatures; it is intelligent and omniscient, and it also happens to be really fashionable and stylish. Its eyes are made of dazzling diamonds. This chic nighttime bird is fun to wear at any time of day or night, but especially during the day.

CELTIC BUTTERFLY PENDANT

The Celtic Butterfly Meaning

The beautiful butterfly symbol that is associated with Celtic culture is meant to represent metamorphosis, inspiration, and rebirth. Both in the spiritual and the material worlds, the Celts placed a significant amount of importance on the concept of rebirth. The remarkable change that the butterfly undergoes and its subsequent rebirth are represented by the Celtic butterfly. The Celtic women had an extraordinary connection to the natural world and would have had a vivid awareness of the transformation of a butterfly.

The Celtic Butterfly Necklace is said to be a symbol of metamorphosis and rebirth. The Celtic Butterfly Necklace is stunning, and the symbolic value it carries is shared by many different civilizations at different times throughout history.

CELTIC STAG NECKLACE WITH DIAMONDS

The Celtic Stag Meaning

In Celtic mythology, the stag is considered to be a representation of the woods. It is characterized by the growth of antlers that resemble the branches of a tree. It is almost as if it wears a forest crown on its head and carries it around with it everywhere it goes. The Celtic stag is nimble, strong, and quick, in addition to being active. This is a representation of the energy that exists in nature and is capable of self-regeneration.

The legendary Celtic stag is a representation of nature as well as a prize. The manner of life of the Celts was intricately entwined with the natural world and its flora and fauna, but the deer had a particularly significant significance. It was widely thought that the White Stag was a messenger sent by the gods. It was speculated that the sighting of the white stag would serve as a portent of forthcoming events of significant magnitude. Cernunnos, the God of Stags, was one of the many animal deities worshiped by the Celts. The Celtic god of plenty, Cernunnos, is said to be able to assume the form of a “stag with seven tines.”

The majestic creature known as the stag is honored magnificently in our Celtic Stag Necklace, which is a fitting homage to this legendary beast.

CHILDREN OF LIR PENDANT

The Meaning of the Swan

Grace, beauty, love, trust, and loyalty are some of the meanings associated with the swan. The symbolism of the swan is also associated with the concept of inner beauty and self-love. A pair of swans are said to be inseparable from all of life.

The swan is a common motif that appears throughout Irish mythology. The swan is often used to signify enlightenment and cleanliness. Swans were seen as animals that could link humans to the Otherworld, which is where the pre-Christian people of Ireland believed their gods and goddesses resided (Kneale). Swans are accorded high regard in Irish culture even in modern times.

The Children of Lir Myth… Long ago there lived a King named Lir who lived with his four children, Fionnuale, Aodh, Fiachra, and Conn, and his beloved wife who would soon die. After grieving for his wife King Lir married Aoife. Aoife was very jealous of King Lir’s love for his four children. She used her magic to turn the children into swans. As swans, they were condemned to spend 300 years at Lough Derravaragh, 300 years at the Sea of Moye, and 300 years on the waters of Irrus Domann.  The only way to break the spell was a blessing from a monk. Finally, after 900 years of suffering, they heard church bells and returned to shore. There the spell was finally broken by St. Patrick. Unfortunately, they were so old they died soon after the spell was broken and joined their parents in heaven.

Our Children of Lir Pendant is a stunning piece of Celtic swan jewelry. It’s inspired by the tragic story of King Lir’s children and their destiny. Children of Lir pendant is sterling silver and includes four tricolor swans. This Celtic swan jewelry is inspired by Irish mythology and has significant value in Irish culture.

Celtic Cat Pendant

The Celtic Cat Meaning

The mythology surrounding the Celtic cat. There is a legendary group of enchanted cats, known as “fairy cats,” who are mentioned in Celtic culture. In Scotland, people often refer to them as cait sith. Cait sidhe is the name given to them in Ireland. They are both pronounced “caught shee,” regardless of whether they are Gaelic or Scotch Gaelic. The cait sidhe are not your typical cats; rather, they are believed to as fairies, witches, and spirit entities that just assume the appearance of a cat. They are also known as the “cat people.” Those that have seen them have described them as being very huge cats that are all black except for a patch of white hair on their chests. The cait sidhe has a reputation for being a terrifying creature, and Celtic warriors often adopted it as a symbol.

Our Celtic Cat Pendant is absolutely purrrr-fect! This beautiful diamond accented Celtic Cat Pendant with black enamel pays tribute to the cait sidhe. The cait sidhe is a mythical fairy creature in Scottish and Irish folklore. This style is also available in CELTIC CAT EARRINGS and CELTIC CAT RING .

Celtic Dragonfly Meaning

The Celtic Dragonfly flits about like a small dragon of the fairy world, but without the burden of gravity. Dragonflies are said to represent metamorphosis and coming into one’s own. The dragonfly is a symbol of one’s creative imagination as well as the wisdom that comes from having clear eyesight.

Dragonflies are said to represent metamorphosis and coming into one’s own. The dragonfly is a symbol of one’s creative imagination as well as the wisdom that comes from having clear eyesight. The dragonfly is symbolic of success and fortune.

Our Celtic Dragonfly Pendant and Celtic Dragonfly Earrings a totem that channels the wisdom of metamorphosis and adaptability in life. The Celtic dragonfly pendant symbolizes the change in self-realization, emotional maturity, and the understanding of the deeper meaning of life.

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A Guide to Celtic Ogham Symbols and Their Meanings

Ogham is a timeless and ancient alphabet. The term Ogham is derived from the word Ogma, which refers to the Celtic God of Elocution or eloquence. The Ogham alphabet consists of groups of one to five lines arranged vertically over a stem line, with each group representing a distinct letter.

The history of the beautiful, enchanting, and mythological Ogham alphabet is obscured by the mists of time. The Ogham script is the earliest written alphabet in Ireland, and its origin is still the subject of considerable conjecture.

Some experts date Ogham to the first century AD, while others place its origins in the fourth century. It is believed that the Ogham alphabet originated in southwest Ireland, likely in Cork or Kerry, but this enigmatic script prefers to preserve secrets!

Researchers can only state with certainty that it is an ancient alphabet that was widely used from the fourth to ninth centuries, mostly for ceremonial inscriptions. With our exquisite collection of Ogham jewelry, it is now able to share this illustrious past.

When did Ogham become obsolete?

Ogham is an alphabet found on monumental inscriptions from the fourth to sixth centuries AD and in manuscripts from the sixth to ninth centuries AD. Primitive and Old Irish were its primary uses, along with Old Welsh, Pictish, and Latin.

What is the number of Ogham stones in Ireland?

There are now about 400 ogham stones in existence, with the majority (roughly 360) located in Ireland. The biggest densities may be found in the southwest, namely in Kerry, Cork, and Waterford.

Is Ogham a Celtic language?

According to the High Medieval Bratharogam, distinct letters correspond to the names of different trees. Because of this, ogham is frequently referred to as the Celtic tree alphabet.

How does the Ogham script appear?

This ancient script is an alphabet consisting of a single horizontal line and a succession of vertical and diagonal lines for each letter. The lines symbolize several historic Irish letters. Today, around 400 instances of Ogham stones may still be discovered in Ireland and West Wales.

Did Druids use Ogham?

It is said that Ogham was founded by Gaulish Druids in Cisalpine Gaul circa 600 BCE as a hand signal and vocal language.

Is Ogham read from lowest to highest?

Every character is composed of many slashes. These would be read from bottom to top along the center line. Each letter is mostly found in Ireland and Western Wales and is related to a tree or plant. It is thought that the majority of Ogham was written in Old Irish.

Ancient Ogham Alphabet

About the Ancient Ogham Alphabet

In regards to the Ogham Alphabet, minimalism is beautiful. Reading from bottom to top, the alphabet is phonetic and is distinguished by each letter being represented by a succession of markings along a central vertical line.

Numerous myths are related to the enigma surrounding the alphabet. From legends of Celtic Gods to a secret code designed to confound neighboring British tribes, or simply as a means of converting Gaelic sounds into Latin letters, the reality surrounding the individuals who invented the alphabet remains as obscure as ever.

It is simple to see why Ogham is often known as the “Celtic Tree Alphabet.” The vertical line represents the tree’s trunk, while the vertical lines represent its branches. The outcome is a mysterious and ancient beauty that transcends conjecture.

Our Ogham jewelry collection incorporates all of these elements, merging myth, history, legacy, and beauty in a spectacular selection of bespoke pieces.

Recognizing the Ogham Letters

The Ogham Alphabet consists of twenty symbols, some of which are immediately transliterated into letters and others of which are more closely related to sounds. With these twenty characters, any name may be translated into Ogham.

When transliterating your name, the distinctions between the Ogham and Latin alphabets are essential. Numerous of these distinctions indicate that if you have an English name, it is preferable to choose its Irish counterpart.

This is shown by the fact that the letter J in Ogham is identical to the letter S. Considering that Sean is the Irish counterpart of John, this makes a bit more sense.

Other distinctions include:

  • The letter U is replaced with the letter W.
  • The letter K is replaced with the letter X.
  • The letter Y replaces the letter I (i)

Pillar stone from Killeen Cormac, Colbinstown, County Kildare, containing Ogham Script and Roman capitals. Early to mid-7th century A.D.

This is one of two Ogham stones on display at the National Museum of Ireland on Kildare Street in Dublin. Our store is merely a two-minute walk away. The museum is not enormous, yet it is beautiful. The National Museum is a highly rated and free attraction in Dublin.

A Part of the Past for All Occasions

We think each item of jewelry should possess its own unique enchantment. Our selection of Ogham jewelry includes this and much more. Shop The Irish Jewelry Company to learn more about our selection of mystical and exquisite Ogham jewelry.

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The Celts – A Guide to Their Culture

Whenever you describe the Celts to many people, they think of Celtic warriors who passionately protected their homeland while simultaneously trying to expand and conquer new territory. This is the picture that comes to mind when you discuss the Celts. However, this is just a small portion of what the Celts were all about since, in actuality, they had a highly complicated culture that requires more research. In this article, we will present you with an in-depth look at ten facts about the Celts that you most likely did not know before reading this.

There is no evidence that the Celts kept written records of their history.

There is no evidence of any writing system that was used in Celtic culture; while there are occasional text fragments, there is no true record of events that occurred in the past. Caesar said in De Bello Gallico that the Druids did not want to commit their knowledge to write, despite the fact that they did utilize Greek script for the majority of their other works.

Rather than writing down their knowledge, the Celts kept alive an oral legacy of learning that was passed down via the druids and academics for hundreds of years. In the culture of the Celts, having a good memory and being able to learn things by heart were considered to be quite admirable traits.

On the other hand, archaeologists have discovered relics of inscriptions written in languages such as Greek and Latin in Celtic communities. The majority of documented records of the Celts were from Greek and Roman sources. These sources were inevitably prejudiced since the Greeks and Romans saw the Celts as their adversary. Since this is the reason why we have so many papers that suggest the Celts were barbarians, we need to take these assertions with a grain of salt considering the origin of the material included in these documents. The artwork of the Celts provides us with more insight into their culture and lifestyle.

The Celtic language survived to be spoken after the Roman occupation.

At one point in history, people believed that as the Romans invaded Celtic countries, their native languages died out along with them. Even though Manx and Cornish are no longer spoken, contemporary versions of Celtic languages are still used today. For instance, Manx was deemed to be extinct as a first language in 1974, yet modern forms of Celtic languages are still used today.

Ancient Celtic languages such as Pictish, Lusitanian, Celtiberian, and Lepontic are no longer spoken today but may have lasted for several hundred years after Celtic tribes were “Romanized.” Examples of these languages are Pictish, Lusitanian, Celtiberian, and Lepontic. In point of fact, Celtic languages were widely used up until the Middle Ages, but after that, their usage started to wane as a direct result of the lack of unity that existed among Celtic people. There were several different groups, all of which engaged in conflict with one another. While the Celts were busy fighting among themselves, the Anglo-Saxons managed to spread their civilization among the various Celtic tribes.

There is No Evidence That the Celts Lived in a Primitive or Savage State.

The Romans, the Greeks, and other sources represented the Celts as primitive savages. This portrayal of the Celts is essentially a blatant falsehood, as we indicated earlier. As was just said, the Celts were successful in establishing a complex and highly developed network of trade long before the Romans themselves managed to accomplish this objective.

The Romans used something called the Julian calendar, but the Celts used something called the Coligny calendar. This calendar got its name because it was discovered at Coligny, which is located in France, in the year 1897. It is made up of several different pieces of metal, all of which are engraved with various marks, such as numerals, lines, and holes. Around a century was necessary for the most knowledgeable people in the world to decipher the meaning of the symbols on this Celtic calendar.

In 1989, it was found that the discovery was a lunar-solar calendar that estimated the time of the year based on the cycles of the moon and the sun. A very precise clock, the calendar was able to forecast the location of the sun up to many months in advance. In point of fact, it is even more accurate than its Roman equivalent, which is “incorrect” by an average of 11.5 minutes every year.

The Celts were renowned for their skill as warriors.

We already know that the Celts enjoyed a good battle, but it is a common misconception that they lacked discipline in comparison to their Roman contemporaries. Despite this, the Celts were very well-trained and were then capable of competing on equal footing with any army they encountered. Because of their stellar reputation as fighters, King Ptolemy II of Egypt recruited Celtic mercenaries in the third century B.C. to assist him in his military campaigns. Ptolemy, on the other hand, thought that they were a little bit too excellent for his tastes; since he was afraid that they might turn against him, he had them exiled to an uninhabited island in the Nile!

As opposed to a deficiency in military preparation, the Celtic people’s lack of cohesion was one of the primary contributors to their defeat at the hands of the Romans. It was customary for Celtic tribes to battle among themselves, which provided the Romans with an opportunity to unite together and vanquish a formidable adversary.

By the way, the Celts did NOT engage in combat while nude. As a matter of fact, they protected themselves with metal plates, chain mail, and leather padding.

Celtic Women Were Fierce Warriors

Women Celt warriors were a sight to behold. Women in Celtic culture often battled alongside their male counterparts. Boudicca, the Warrior Queen of the Iceni, and her valiant soldiers were the most famous of the Iceni’s brave warriors on the battlefield.

The Celts Enjoyed Tremendous Wealth.

Julius Caesar’s desire to amass wealth was a significant motivating factor in his decision to engage in the Gallic Wars. Historians think that the mythical general’s primary objective was to seize control of the magnificent gold riches that were located in Celtic Gaul, despite the fact that he claimed that he was only pushing back barbarous bounds.

There is No Evidence That the Celts Originated in Ireland or Scotland.

In spite of the fact that the name “Celtic” has become associated with people of Scottish or Irish heritage, the Celts were really from an entirely other section of Europe in their original homeland. Although the Greeks had contact with them in the century before, the Celts do not appear in the historical record until the 5th century BC. This is despite the fact that the Greeks had met them in the century before.

By the time they are recorded in historical sources, the Celts had already expanded out throughout a number of nations in Europe’s ‘Alpine’ area, including Spain, France, and a number of others (Austria and Switzerland among others). However, many academics believe that the Celts came from Western Mid-Europe as a part of the Urnfield Culture, which started about 1300 BC.

The Celts Culture

The Celts were not only fearless warriors but also brilliant philosophers, inventors, builders, and makers of art and architecture. The lack of cohesiveness among them was the primary flaw in their organization, and it would eventually lead to their demise.

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The Meaning of the Scottish Thistle

The thistle is Scotland’s national flower and one of the country’s most easily recognizable emblems. It has served as Scotland’s national symbol ever since King Alexander III, ruled the country.

The Mysterious Beginnings of the Scottish Thistle

In point of fact, no one can say for certain how the thistle with the violet-colored flowers came to hold such a high position. But according to one version of the story, a group of sleeping Scots soldiers escaped an ambush laid for them by an invading Norse army only when one of their attackers stepped on the spiny plant.

His agonized scream woke up the sleeping soldiers, who promptly defeated the intruder and chose the thistle as their emblem to represent themselves as a country.

Even if there is not the slightest scrap of proof to back up this allegation, it sure does make for an interesting tale.

What exactly does the flowering thistle signify?

Positive connotations are attached to the flower in Celtic nations, and it is seen as a sign of resiliency, strength, resolve, protection, and pride. The flower’s hues of purple and pink are symbolic of regal splendor. During the Victorian era in England, the thistle was a symbol of suffering, hostility, and encroachment.

Is the Thistle a Celtic Plant?

Since ancient times, the Scottish people have had a deep affection for the thistle, which is not only the nation’s symbol but also known as the “Flower of Scotland.” The Scottish thistle is an old Celtic emblem of the nobility of spirit as well as the nobility of birth, and the language of flowers considers it to be a noble flower.

A meritorious insignia

For more than five hundred years, the thistle has served as a significant emblem in Scottish heraldry. Additionally, it is one of the greatest honors that a government may bestow on a citizen or resident of the country. The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle is a chivalric order that was established in 1687 by James VII and James II. Its purpose is to recognize those who have made significant contributions to the culture and history of Scotland and the United Kingdom as a whole. HM The Noblest Order of the Garter is the only order with higher precedence than the Order of the Thistle, which may only be earned by being invested by the Queen.

Is plucking thistles a sign of good luck?

According to a number of different sources, the thistle has been employed as a good luck charm not just in Romania but also in other countries and regions all over the globe. The legend of a lucky thistle that is claimed to have saved the lives of Scottish soldiers just by being present on the battlefield led to the thistle being chosen as Scotland’s national emblem.

Poetry has been influenced by the Scottish Thistle.

Hugh MacDiarmid’s A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle is an epic, stream-of-consciousness poem that touches on everything from the state of the nation and the mysteries of the universe to the wondrous joy that is whisky. Forget A Red, Red Rose, Rabbie Burns’ ode to romantic love. The thistle is responsible for one of the finest and most influential poems in the Scottish literary canon. Hugh MacDiarmid’s poem is considered to be one

In a nutshell, it is required reading for anybody who is thinking about taking a vacation to Scotland.

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 5 Important Celtic Crosses of Ireland

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5 Important Celtic Crosses of Ireland

The Celtic cross is one of the most well-known Irish symbols and Celtic symbols. Other well-known examples are the Claddagh and the harp. They are significant reminders of our ancestry since they are steeped in history. It’s possible that their history, significance, and symbolism may blow your mind!

A minimum of sixty Celtic crosses can be found in Ireland, in addition to a number of ancient ruins. The majority of the Celtic crosses that are still in existence today were commissioned and built up until around the middle of the 12th century. After the end of the 12th century, hardly any new crosses were built, and this practice almost completely died out.

These magnificent crosses were often put up as boundary markers, such as at the intersections of parishes, or as memorials encircling monasteries, cathedrals, or churches. In certain cases, they were also utilized as a form of transportation. It is a common misconception that they were used as gravestones, although that was not the case. However, since the 1850s, modern crosses have seen an upsurge in favor of usage as gravestones.

The elaborate carvings that can be seen on many of these crosses add a great deal to their aesthetic value. The crosses’ fundamental form is not the only thing that makes them attractive. The degree of attention to detail and the high quality of the artwork are characteristics that are often reserved for priceless manuscripts like the Book of Kells.

What is the earliest known example of a Celtic cross?

Carndonagh, in County Donegal, is home to what is sometimes referred to as the Donagh or St. Patrick’s Cross. This cross is said to be one of the earliest free-standing stone crosses to have survived in Ireland. According to local folklore, Saint Patrick and his Irish missionaries established a church or monastery at this location sometime around the fifth century. One of the earliest examples of a Christian cross to be seen outside of mainland Europe, the St. Patrick’s High Cross, also known as the Donagh Cross, dates back to the seventh century. The stone, which formerly belonged to an early Christian monastery established by St. Patrick and can be located on Church Road next to the Carndonagh Community School, was removed at some point.

5 Important Celtic Crosses of Ireland:

  • The High Crosses of Kells, Co Meath
  • Celtic Cross of the Scriptures, County Offaly
  • Celtic cross in Drumcliffe, County Sligo
  • St. Patrick’s High Cross
  • Muiredach Celtic Cross, County Louth

CELTIC CROSSES OF IMPORTANCE ARE LOCATED IN IRELAND

The following are examples of some of the most significant Celtic crosses that can be found throughout Ireland. This brief list is not meant to be exhaustive; rather, its purpose is to provide a concise explanation of some of the crosses that are considered to be more noteworthy. If you can think of an important Celtic cross that we have neglected, by all means, please use the comment function at the foot of this page, and we will do our best to add information about the cross based on what you tell us.

The High Crosses of Kells, Co Meath

Monks from the monastery of Saint Colmcille on Iona have been credited for re-founding the Monastery at Kells in the year 804 CE. In addition to the Book of Kells, the town is well-known for the five High Crosses that can be found there. The Market cross is the fifth and most well-known of the crosses, and it is situated on the grounds of St. Columcille’s Church on the west side of town. Three of the crosses and the base of a fourth cross are also placed on the grounds of the church. At the moment, it may be found on the northern side of the old Navan Road, to the west of the old courthouse, at its original location.

The South Cross, also known as the Cross of St. Patrick and St. Columba, is regarded to be the oldest cross at Kells. It is the most well-known and well-recognized of all the crosses at Kells. Sandstone was used to sculpt this structure, which is 3.3 meters tall and made from a single piece.

The historic heritage of Clonmacnoise, Ireland

Celtic Cross of the Scriptures, County Offaly

Two whole High Crosses and the shaft of a third may be found among the various artifacts that were discovered at Clonmacnoise. The most well-known artifact, the Cross of the Scriptures, which is sometimes referred to as King Flann’s Cross, serves as the centerpiece of the recently constructed interpretative center. The monastic colony at Clonmacnoise was established in the sixth century and is comprised of the remains of a cathedral as well as seven churches and two round towers. Two high crosses are among the numerous ruins that can be seen in Clonmacnoise, and both of them are still in their original condition. Around thirty years ago, in order to ensure their continued existence, these two crosses were relocated inside of the interpretative center. Replicas of extraordinary quality have been installed in their former places outside the building. The Crucifixion is depicted in the middle of the Cross of the Scriptures on the west face of the structure. Other biblical scenes are also included.

High Cross of Drumciffe with sculptured panels of Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel, Daniel in the Lion’s Den, Christ in Glory, the Crucifixion

Celtic Cross in Drumcliffe, County Sligo

This exquisitely carved High Cross may be seen at Drumcliffe, which is located in County Sligo. Saint Colmcille is credited with establishing a monastery at this location in the sixth century. The Cross was most likely made in the 11th century. The church and cemetery where W. B. Yeats is buried may be seen in the background of this picture.

St. Patrick’s High Cross

One of the earliest examples of a Christian cross to be seen outside of mainland Europe, the St. Patrick’s High Cross, also known as the Donagh Cross, dates back to the seventh century. The stone, which formerly belonged to an early Christian monastery established by St. Patrick and can be located on Church Road next to the Carndonagh Community School, was removed at some point. This gorgeously ornamented Cross is a fusion of old Celtic art and Christian traditions, as seen by its use of biblical themes. The Cross of Saint Patrick is regarded as one of the most significant early Christian relics in Britain and Ireland and may be seen in the town of Carndonagh, which is located in the county of Donegal. It occupies the site of an ancient church that was established by Saint Patrick.

Muiredach’s Cross, Monasterboice Monastery in southern Ireland. Celtic High Cross in the historic ruins of Monasterboice, an early Christian settlement near Drogheda in County Louth, Ireland.

Muiredach Celtic Cross, County Louth

This stunning example of Celtic design is widely acknowledged to be among the country’s most outstanding examples. The towering crucifix reaches a height of only a hair under 18 feet. It is largely agreed upon that Muiredach mac Domhnaill, the individual responsible for the building of the cross, is the source of the name of the cross. He died in 923.

The depiction of biblical events on the cross panels had a significant impact on the overall design of the instrument. In broad strokes, the east side of the structure is influenced more by the Old Testament, while the New Testament is more apparent on the west side. Additionally, there are a few panels the significance of which is not quite obvious.

Considering we sell a number of different Celtic Crosses in the shape of jewelry and other types of Irish gifts, we are often questioned about the components that make up a Celtic cross. We have high hopes that you will find this post informative and entertaining, and that you will take away something new from reading it. Maybe even make plans to visit this religious monument one day. They are truly a sight to see. We hope you enjoy our collection of Traditional Celtic Cross Necklaces and Unique Celtic Cross Pendants in Gold and Silver. Celtic Cross Jewelry is inspired by Irish and Scottish Heritage.

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Top 10 Scary Irish Mythological Creatures

Addressing Scary Irish Mythological Creatures or Celtic Mythological Creatures is the topic of one of the most frequent inquiries that we receive in connection with Irish mythology.

However, once you’ve spent enough time reading about Irish folklore, you’ll know that there are quite a few Irish mythical creatures out there and that they differ in the sort of creatures that they are. This is something that you’ll know if you’ve spent any time reading about Irish folklore. Some of the animals that may be found in Irish mythology, such as the Pooka, are associated with a charming and humorous story, whilst others, are very terrible!

Since the beginning of Celtic mythology, old Irish creatures and demons have been used to scare members of the general public, particularly around the time of Halloween.

The Irish term for demon is “deamhan,” and it is surely widely utilized since bad powers, monsters, demons, and ghosts have long been feared in Celtic mythology. The word “deamhan” comes from the Irish language.

The ancient Celts believed in hundreds of different Irish legendary deities, but much like other nations, their society also had its share of demons. Some of the “monsters” who were worshiped in Celtic culture were, in fact, formerly gods who were subsequently recast as evil pagan beings when many Celts converted to Christianity.

The list of most terrifying beasts and spirits from Celtic mythology, just in time for Halloween.

  • Dearg Due – the Irish vampire
  • The Cailleach – the Celtic witch
  • Púca – the Irish Ghost
  • The Bánánach – Demons
  • Balor – Celtic demon king
  • The Sluagh – Celtic monster
  • Banshee – the Irish wailing ghost
  • Merrow– Sea fairy
  • The Dullahan – the Irish headless horseman
  • Ellén Trechend – Three headed monster

Dearg Due – the Irish Vampire

There is a vampire that dwells smack dab in the center of Ireland, but Dracula himself was created in Ireland (the monster was written about in Bram Stoker’s classic book, which was also written by an Irishman).

Dearg-due is an Irish word for a female demon that first seduces men and then drains them of their blood. The name literally translates to “red bloodsucker.” An Irish lady who was famous across the land for her beauty and who fell in love with a local peasant against her father’s disapproval is said to have been the subject of a tale that originated in Celtic culture.

Her father coerced her into entering into an arranged marriage with a wealthy guy who mistreated her, which led to her taking her own life in the end. She was laid to rest next to Strongbow’s Tree in Waterford, but one night she arose from her grave to exact her vengeance on her father and husband. She drank their blood until they were no longer able to breathe, and then she ate their bodies.

The vampire, who is now known as Dearg-due, comes to life once a year and uses her alluring appearance to entice men to their deaths. There is, however, a strategy that may be used to successfully combat Dearg-due. It is sufficient to construct a mound of stones on top of her grave in order to forestall the resuscitation of the dead. No, it won’t be enough to kill her, but at least it will buy you some time till the new year!

The Cailleach – Celtic Witch

The Cailleach, often known as the Celtic witch, is mentioned in a number of the old tales that have been passed down from generation to generation in Ireland. This particular school of witchcraft gets its name from the fact that its practitioners base their rituals and rites on numerous elements of Celtic folklore and mythology.

There are many legends told about the Cailleach, often known as the Celtic witch, in the folklore of Ireland. At Samhain, she would make her descent from the mountains, and from then until Beltaine, she would govern the earth. The oldest of all the tales comes from Celtic culture. The name Cailleach translates to “Old Wife,” and she is considered to be one of the most important figures in Celtic mythology. The Cailleach was worshiped as the goddess of the cold and the winds. The duration and severity of winter were both within the Cailleach’s control. She was also sometimes referred to as the Veiled One of the Queen of Winter. She is a heavenly hag and a creative goddess at the same time.

Púca or Pooka – the Irish Ghost

Púca is an Irish term that literally translates to “spirit” or “ghost,” and these legendary beings hail from Irish mythology. These legendary beings hailing from Irish folklore are fairies that are capable of assuming the form of a horse, goat, cat, dog, or hare. They are also capable of assuming a human shape, but one that retains certain animal characteristics such as a tail or ears.

They are said to have white or black fur or hair, and they are harbingers of both good and ill fortune, as well as communities that are either rural or sea. They may assist or harm these communities. They like playing tricks on people and will often try to get them to ride on their backs, after which they will take them on a wild and dangerous excursion before delivering them back to the location from whence they originally picked them up. It is stated that a rider may tame a Púca if they wear sharp spurs to either prevent themselves from being abducted by the monster or to direct it if they are already riding on its back. This story originates from the Irish tradition. It is stated that Brian Boru, the last High King of Ireland, was the only man who ever rode a Púca. 

Traditionally, the Púca is celebrated at Samhain, the harvest festival that takes place when the harvests are brought indoors. Anything that is left in the fields after harvesting is set aside for the Púca and is not fit for human consumption. There were some farmers who would appease the Púca by leaving some of the harvests out for it to eat.

There are further legends connected to the Púca, and allusions may be found in a variety of forms of literature, including poetry, music, and more. You could also come across the term phouka or pooka being used to refer to it.

The Bánánach – Irish Demons

The Bánánach brings us right back to the eerie beasts of Celtic mythology with their next appearance. The Bánánach is a supernatural race that is mentioned in Irish mythology. They are said to be able to be seen haunting battlefields.

These terrifying screeching demons that lived in the air may have had the appearance of goats. They were linked to acts of murder and death.

Balor- Celtic Demon King

In Celtic mythology, Balor is the name of the evil version of the god of death. The malevolent monster had only one eye and a single huge leg, yet it held the title of King of the Fomori, a race of demons who inhabited the murky depths of lakes and oceans. Because Balor can murder someone just by glancing at them with his evil eye, he kept it closed most of the time so he wouldn’t have to keep stumbling across dead corpses all the time.

This is one of a few mythological monsters from Ireland that actually terrified me as a youngster after hearing tales about them from my pals. These Celtic creatures were claimed to be restless souls that were considered to be neither accepted in hell nor heaven, therefore it was believed that they were permitted to wander the countryside on their own.

The Sluagh

This is one of a few mythological monsters from Ireland that actually terrified me as a youngster after hearing tales about them from my pals. These Celtic creatures were claimed to be restless souls that were considered to be neither accepted in hell nor heaven, therefore it was believed that they were permitted to wander the countryside on their own.

According to folklore, the Sluaghs were bitter about their plight and would steal the soul of anybody they came into contact with if given the opportunity.

The Banshee- A wailing ghost

Banshee is an Irish word for a ghost that howls. The Banshee is a well-known Irish monster, and legend has it that it often works in conjunction with the Dullahan.

The banshee is a female ghost whose scream, if heard outside of a home, foretells the death of one of its occupants. It is one of the most known Celtic monsters, having made a guest appearance in “Darby O’Gill and the Little People” and all.

According to a number of retellings of the Banshee tale, the terrifying specter traveled accompanied the Dullahan in a dark cart that was pulled by six black horses. It is stated that the two of them would beat the horses with a human spinal cord.

But the majority of tales agree that the Banshee, on her own, was already terrible enough. Her appearance has been described as anything from an ugly old hag to a lovely young lady; yet, everyone agrees that the creature’s bloodcurdling howl will be heard three times before someone passes away.

Merrow – Sea Fairy

When it comes to monsters from myth and legend, Ireland is home to a handful that aren’t as terrifying as others that have been described. It seems that one of them is a Merrow. In Irish tradition, a merman or mermaid might take the form of a merrow. It is stated that in order for them to move freely between the water and dry ground, they must first don a magical cap, which derives from the Irish term murch.

The term is used in two different stories; in the first, a Kerry man steals a green-haired merrow’s red magical cap so that he might marry her, and in the second, a green-bodied hideous male merrow who entertains a fisherman at his house beneath the sea uses the term to describe himself.

The merrow is often referred to as sea fairies and is sometimes shown as having the upper body of a woman but the lower body of a fish. The male merrow did not come close to matching the beauty of its female counterparts. They were generally gentle, but they may become hostile against those who were rude to them or who scared them.

The Dullahan – the Irish headless horseman

The Dullahan is another fabled Irish monster, and its name, which literally translates to “dark man,” describes this creature well. This grim reaper is the equivalent of the headless horseman in Irish folklore and is often featured in modern works of fantasy literature as well as in video games.

The head of the Dullahan is carried under one arm as he rides a headless black horse with burning eyes. When he finally gets off his horse, a person will be killed. In some telling’s of this tale, the Dullahan is said to attack those he passes by hurling buckets of blood at them, while in others, it is said that he merely yells out the name of the person who is about to pass away.

Gold is the Dullahan’s Achilles’ heel, as is the case with most malevolent powers. Because the monster shies away from the material, lone travelers would be advised to bring some with them just in case they come across this headless monstrosity and find themselves face to face with it!

Ellén Trechend – Three headed monster

Ellén Trechend was a genuine monster with Celtic roots. In point of fact, it was a Celtic monster with three heads! Now, the appearance of Ellén Trechend varies from story to tale, much like the appearances of other Irish legendary beings. In some versions of the tale, the beast is described as having the appearance of a vulture, while in others, it is a dragon that breathes fire.

In a story referred to as the Cath Maige Mucrama, it is said that Ellén Trechend would emerge from a cave and go on a rampage that will cause much damage.

Next

 Newgrange: Winter Solstice and Celtic Spirals

Related Posts

  1. The Gray Man a Samhain Legend for Halloween
  2. The Irish Legend of the Banshee
  3. The Legend of the Selkies
Celtic Legends, Interesting Stories, Ireland, Irish Legends, Irish Traditions, News, Travel Ireland

The Origins of the Term ‘Black Irish’

Occasionally, people may refer to people of Irish descent as “Black Irish.” But have you ever stopped to think about where it originates? The phrase “Black Irish” has been in use for hundreds of years, and several brands of Irish whiskey, including Mariah Carey’s Black Irish cream liqueur and Darker Still Spirits Company Black Irish Whiskey, have even named their product lines after the phrase. 

In spite of this, if you ask your coworker or your acquaintance what it means, they will most likely be at a loss for words. While it was most certainly used originally in a derogatory fashion, the term “Black Irish” is now considered a badge of honor. Just ask my black Irish husband, whose family name ironically, in Gaelic derives, from the word “dearg,” which means red.

What does the term black Irish mean?

The term “black Irish” refers to persons of Irish descent who are supposed to be descendants of the Spanish Armada, which sailed around the middle of the 15th century, and had dark hair and or eyes. The term is used among people of Irish descent and sometimes confuses people since it doesn’t refer to dark skin color.

Where Did the Term “Black Irish” Come From?

People of European descent in the United States came up with innovative methods to differentiate different ethnic European groupings and sub-groups from one another throughout times of significant immigration from Europe to the United States.

Because the vast majority of Irish people have light brown hair about 65 percent, and only 15 percent have black hair while the vast majority of Irish people have fair skin and either blue or green eyes. Classifying this subgroup with the term “black Irish” made it easy to differentiate them from other people of Irish descent.

This was a means of pointing out that black Irish people are different from the majority of people who have more traits that are more characteristically Irish, but funny enough, it should also be emphasized that the number of black Irish is more than the number of redheaded Irish.

Black Irish Celebrities and Public Figures

Here are a few examples of black Irish public figures and celebrities who are of Irish descent in Ireland. All of them have Irish heritage, and in the common parlance, all of them are referred to as being black Irish.

  • Colin Farrell
  • Enya
  • Paul Ryan
  • Lara Flynn Boyle
  • Peter Gallagher
  • Rob James Collier
  • Jennifer Connelly 
Celtic Legends, Halloween, Interesting Stories

The Irish Legend of the Banshee

The Irish Legend of the Banshee

The image that comes to most people’s minds when they hear the word “banshee” is that of a floating ghostly figure that wails and is in general quite terrifying. You might also be familiar with the age-old concept that banshees are considered to be portents of impending death. The whole account of the Banshee may be found here.

220px-Banshee

The Banshee, pronounced bean-sidhe is the woman of the fairies and maybe an ancestral spirit appointed to forewarn members of certain ancient Irish families of their time of death. According to tradition, the banshee can only cry for five major Irish families: the O’Neills, the O’Briens, the O’Connors, the O’Gradys and the Kavanaghs. Intermarriage has since extended this select list.
Whatever her origins, the banshee chiefly appears in one of three guises: a young woman, a stately matron or a raddled old hag. These represent the triple aspects of the Celtic goddess of war and death, namely Badhbh, Macha and Mor-Rioghain.) She usually wears either a grey, hooded cloak or the winding sheet or grave robe of the unshriven dead. She may also appear as a washer-woman, and is seen apparently washing the blood stained clothes of those who are about to die. In this guise she is known as the bean-nighe (washing woman).
Although not always seen, her mourning call is heard, usually at night when someone is about to die.

Irish families of their time of death. According to tradition, the banshee can only cry for five major Irish families: the O’Neills, the O’Briens, the O’Connors, the O’Gradys and the Kavanaghs. Intermarriage has since extended this select list.
Whatever her origins, the banshee chiefly appears in one of three guises: a young woman, a stately matron or a raddled old hag. These represent the triple aspects of the Celtic goddess of war and death, namely Badhbh, Macha and Mor-Rioghain.) She usually wears either a grey, hooded cloak or the winding sheet or grave robe of the unshriven dead. She may also appear as a washer-woman, and is seen apparently washing the blood stained clothes of those who are about to die. In this guise she is known as the bean-nighe (washing woman).
Although not always seen, her mourning call is heard, usually at night when someone is about to die.

A banshee is a spirit that does not have a physical body and can take any one of the following forms:

A stunning woman who was wrapped in a shroud.
A slender woman with a white outfit, long red hair, and a red lipstick.
A woman who is silver-haired and wears a long garment of silver.
A headless lady who is completely nude from the waist up and is carrying a dish of blood.
An elderly lady with eerie red eyes, a green outfit, and long white hair was standing there.
A geriatric lady who was clothed entirely in black and had long, gray hair. She wore a veil over her face.

Origins of the Banshee Folklore

According to historians, the first accounts of the Irish Banshee date back to the eighth century and were based on a ritual in which ladies sung a mournful song to express their condolences over the passing of a loved one. These ladies were known as “keeners,” and because they took alcoholic beverages as payment, they were considered to be sinners. As a result, they were condemned to a life as banshees as their punishment. It is said that if a Banshee is seen, she would quickly disappear into a cloud of mist while making a sound that is comparable to the sound of a bird flapping its wings. This is a part of the legend surrounding the Banshee. According to urban legend, banshees do not bring about death; rather, they just serve as a warning of impending doom.

Banshees Are Both Good and Bad 

There are a few banshees that had deep links to their family in life and remained to look after them after death. These banshees are the exception to the rule that banshees are monsters filled with hatred. When they make their appearance, these Banshees take the form of beautiful, entrancing ladies who perform a mournful, eerie song that is full of care and love for their family. This song can be heard a few days before a member of the family passes away, and in the vast majority of instances, the song can only be heard by the individual for whom it was written.

On the other hand, there is the Banshee, a terrifying creature that most of us are familiar with. She is furious and terrifying. These ladies, throughout the course of their lives, had reasons to despise their family, and now they emerge as grotesque and terrifying apparitions that are full with animosity. The howls that are coming from these banshees are enough to give you the chills all the way down to your bones, and rather than appearing to warn a member of the family, these banshees are rejoicing in the impending death of someone who they despised.

Celtic Legends, Interesting Stories

The Legend of the Selkies

The Legend of the Selkies

Stories of seal people, also known as selkies, silkies, selchies, or roane, may be found woven throughout the mythology and folklore of several countries in Europe, including Ireland, Scotland, Iceland, and Scandinavia.

A selkie is a legendary creature from the ocean that is described as being half human and half fish. This creature is also known as the sea people, the seal people, and the mermaid. They are seals when they are in the water, but as they go on land, they lose their skin and take the appearance of humans.

It is believed that seal people are plagued with an unquenchable desire for what they cannot have. When they are in the water as seals, they crave to be on land, and when they are walking on two legs as humans, they yearn to be in the water. They are able to change from one creature to another by shedding their sealskin and then either putting it back on or putting it on for the first time.

The Mystery of the Selkie

The lore that surrounds selkies is rife with controversy over their place of origin. The black hair of the Spaniards is said to have reminded the natives like seals, which led to the legend that they washed ashore many years ago after being involved in a shipwreck. According to a different legend, the so-called seal people are actually Finns who paddle around in kayaks and dress in furs. There are many who believe that selkies are actually demons or angels that fell to their deaths and were turned by the water.

After the spread of Christianity across the countries, there is even the possibility that the seal people were intended to symbolize individuals who were stuck in purgatory, locked between two different realms. One of the most widely accepted explanations for their origin is that they are the resurrected souls of those who perished in watery graves and were allowed to reassume their human form for one night a year in order to celebrate by dancing on the beach.

Selkie Myth and Legend

It is a commonly held belief that tales of selkies, like many other myths from many civilizations, were invented as an attempt to explain something that could not otherwise be explained. There were certain infants who were born with webbed fingers and toes, faces that looked like those of seals, and scaly skin that had a fishy odor. These youngsters also occasionally had scaly skin. All of these things have been given names in the scientific community in recent times. There is a genetic illness known as syndactyly that causes webbed toes. Seal faces are the consequence of the extremely unusual medical phenomena known as anencephaly. Scaly skin was most likely caused by icthyosis, a genetic ailment that affects the skin.

It’s possible that the tales of the seal people were made up as an excuse to explain away the existence of women who did not appear to belong with the rest of society. They have characteristics that are comparable to sirens, mermaids, and mermen that are seen in other civilizations. However, for people who lived on the coasts of the seas and whose survival depended on the water and the gifts it provided, it seems natural for them to have believed legends of beautiful and mysterious creatures that shed their shiny seal coats and transformed into humans for a night of dancing under the moon. These people lived on the edge of the seas.

The ancient Celts lived in a world that was just as unpredictable as the water they sailed on. It may be turbulent and raging, yet it also has the capacity to be peaceful, abundant, and life-giving. The seal people are the embodiment of all that is kind and caring about the great oceans; but, they are also capable of shapeshifting and vanishing without a trace, qualities that make them the ideal protagonists for the tragic romance stories that populate mythology.

*Photo is a Statue of Selkie or Seal Wife in Mikladalur Faroe Islands

Celtic Legends, Ireland, Travel Ireland

What Are the Different Types of Fairies?

What Are the Different Types of Fairies?

Travel to Ireland , Legends and Folklore

types of fairies , fairies

What exactly are fairies? And where exactly do fairies originate? When you question various people, you will receive different responses each time you do so. These mysterious figures have been interpreted as anything from gods to the souls of infants who have not been baptized to an ancient race of miniature humans. They are the protectors of animals and holy natural sites, yet at one time they may have been thought of as gods. They are the spirits of nature. I’ve always had the impression that the answer was somewhere in the middle. Additionally, as was discussed before, this is contingent upon the culture as well.

For any Irish lass there is nothing more captiviating than the faery world. Childhood facination with all things fairy including films that had fairies, fairy tale novels and fairy figurines of all shapes and sizes facinate kids and adults alike. But do you know there are more than a few different kinds of fairies. And that the land of the fay is far more gorgeously complex and perilous than ever envisioned! Pixies and garden fairies are the two types of fairies that are most often seen in popular culture and media. However, this does not account for brownies, elves, gnomes, dwarfs, and a great many more beings.

Fairy Types

– Nymphs: In Greek mythology, nymphs are described as being similar to fairies who live in nature. They typically take the form of stunning ladies and are linked to natural settings such as lakes, mountains, springs, or meadows in where they might be found.

– Hobgoblins: This fairy lives on farms, and since it loves the warmth of the fire, it may enter the house to be closer to one. Hobgoblins may be found in the countryside. They may be a nuisance on occasion, but other than that, they are normally of a nice disposition until they are insulted by someone. They are considered to be a member of the Brownie tribe.

– Elfs: In Norse mythology, there are two different kinds of elves: the Dark Elves and the Light Elves. Trolls are the common name given to Dark Elves in Scotland. In Danish folklore, male elves would sometimes take the form of elderly men, and if you approached too near to them, they would open their lips and make you ill with their breath. Young men were cautioned to stay away from the attractive elf lest he win their heart over and cause them to abandon their sweethearts who were dancing in the moonlight.

– Dwarves: This specific fairy is related with the folklore of Iceland and India. Dwarves are said to have lived underground and dug the earth for rich stones and metals. They gained the capacity to see through walls and became wise as a result of the magical stones they uncovered.

– Gnomes: Although many ancient legends associate gnomes with goblins or dwarves, gnomes were first categorized as earth elementals in the 15th century. This classification stuck with them until the 20th century. It was stated that Gnomes had incredible speed, but unlike other elementals, they did not possess everlasting souls. However, they did live far longer than humans. They are also well-known for the immense valuables that they preserve.

– Hobgoblins: This fairy lives in farms, and since it loves the warmth of the fire, it may enter the house to be closer to one. Hobgoblins may be found in the countryside. They may be a nuisance on occasion, but other than that, they are normally of a nice disposition until they are insulted by someone. They are considered to be a member of the Brownie tribe.

– Brownies: These lone fairies get connected to a house and reside in a dark corner of the home, in a closet, or in a hollow tree next to the home. – Brownies may be found in the United Kingdom. Brownies are helpful fairies who maintain order and cleanliness. It is said that they value it when you show your appreciation by providing them with a bowl of cream as a treat.

– Pixies: This kind of fairy is connected to the West Country in England and is referred to as a Piskie in Cornwall. Pixies may also be seen in Scotland. People in these areas virtually universally believed in pixies and piskies many centuries ago, and some of them even built “pisky pows” on their roofs to provide a type of ballroom for the fairies they thought lived there. Pixies are naughty creatures that are capable of bringing either good or bad fortune to human beings.